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FDI in Turkey
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FDI in Turkey 

FDI Inflow to Turkey (USD billion)

 

 

Source: Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey

 

FDI Inflow to Turkey by Year

 

USD million

 

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

FDI Total (Net)

13,628

12,896

12,828

17,550

12,273

 Equity Investments (Net)

10,128

9,322

8,370

11,710

6,277

  • Inflows

10,761

9,890

8,631

12,074

6,886

  • Liquidation Outflows

633

568

261

364

609

 Intra-Company Loans*

864

525

137

1,684

2,106

Real Estate (Net)

2,636

3,049

4,321

4,156

3,890

 

*Loans that companies with foreign capital are given by foreign partners

Source: Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey

 

FDI Inflow to Turkey by Sector

During the last five years, the intermediation and manufacturing sectors have attracted the highest amount of FDI. 

 

USD million

Sectors

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016*

Agriculture

43

47

61

31

26

Agriculture, forestry and fishing

43

47

61

31

26

Industrial sectors

5,480

4,757

4,258

5,772

2,669

Mining and quarrying

188

717

382

207

217

Manufacturing

4,519

2,209

2,742

4,225

1,710

  • Manufacture of food products, beverages and tobacco

2,201

400

451

983

585

  • Manufacture of textiles and textile products

376

60

137

433

36

  • Manufacture of leather and leather products

0

0

1

2

11

  • Manufacture of wood and wood products

84

3

0

0

3

  • Manufacture of pulp, paper and paper products; publishing and printing

12

107

92

20

72

  • Manufacture of coke, refined petroleum products and nuclear fuel

355

236

101

1,809

0

  • Manufacture of chemicals, chemical products, basic pharmaceutical products and materials

579

272

491

340

287

  • Manufacture of rubber and plastic products

486

168

83

80

98

  • Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products

10

29

158

112

96

  • Manufacture of basic metals and fabricated metal products

101

100

116

98

167

  • Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c.

32

5

4

34

23

  • Manufacture of computers, electronic-electrical and optical equipment

143

607

926

142

223

  • Manufacture of transport equipment

121

97

78

147

62

  • Manufacturing n.e.c.

19

125

104

25

47

Electricity, gas, steam and air-conditioning supply

773

1,795

1,131

1,338

740

Water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation

0

36

3

2

2

Services

5,238

5,086

4,312

6,271

4,191

Construction

1,427

178

232

106

307

Wholesale and retail trade

221

379

1,136

598

601

Transportation and storage

130

364

594

1,524

544

Accommodation and food service activities

16

59

24

11

235

Information and communication services

134

120

214

150

91

Financial and insurance activities

2,084

3,415

1,470

3,516

1,705

  • Financial service activities (banks)

1,500

1,608

912

2,776

1,271

  • Insurance, reinsurance and pension funding (except compulsory social security)

348

1,538

199

117

116

  • Activities of holding companies

176

229

226

438

264

  • Other activities auxiliary to financial services

60

40

133

185

54

Real estate activities

174

128

252

171

277

Professional, scientific and technical activities

78

87

94

51

72

Administrative and support service activities

234

185

21

55

34

Public administration and defense, compulsory social security

0

0

0

0

0

Education

60

2

0

0

13

Human health and social work activities

546

106

204

58

273

Arts, entertainment and recreation

81

5

15

9

18

Other service activities

53

58

56

22

21

Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods-and-service-producing activities of households for own use

0

0

0

0

0

Activities of extra-territorial organizations and bodies

0

0

0

0

0

Total

10,761

9,890

8,631

12,074

6,886

 

(*) Provisional

Source: Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey

 

Geographic Breakdown of FDI Inflow to Turkey

The majority of FDI inflows to Turkey come from Europe, North America, and the Gulf countries.

 

USD million

 

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016*

Europe

7,927

6,424

6,369

7,980

4,391

Developed Europe

7,305

5,296

5,328

7,014

3,777

EFTA countries

592

234

318

208

354

Other European countries

30

894

723

758

260

Africa

0

221

42

0

0

North Africa

0

0

0

0

0

Other African countries

0

221

42

0

0

America

491

343

334

1,630

458

North America

471

342

334

1,619

456

Central America

16

1

0

6

2

South America

4

0

0

5

0

Asia

2,337

2,899

1,886

2,464

2,008

Near and Middle Eastern countries

1,593

2,286

1,336

1,317

1,253

Arabian Gulf countries

940

880

364

460

446

Other Near and Middle Eastern countries

653

1,406

954

850

804

Other Asian countries

744

613

550

1,147

755

Oceania and polar regions

6

3

0

0

24

Unclassified

0

0

0

0

5

Total

10,761

9,890

8,631

12,074

6,886

 

(*) Provisional

Source: Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey

 

Companies with International Capital

As of December 2016, around 53,200 companies with foreign capital operate in Turkey.

 

Number of Companies with International Capital

(Cumulative, in thousands)

 

 

Source: Ministry of Economy