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FDI in Turkey
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FDI in Turkey 

FDI Inflow to Turkey (USD billion)

 

 

Source: Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey

 

FDI Inflow to Turkey by Year

 

USD million

 

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

FDI Total (Net)

16,182

13,284

12,384

12,523

16,957

 Equity Investments (Net)

14,145

10,126

9,310

8,315

11,595

  • Inflows

16,136

10,759

9,878

8,576

11,959

  • Liquidation Outflows

1,991

633

568

261

364

 Intra-Company Loans*

24

522

25

-113

1,206

Real Estate (Net)

2,013

2,636

3,049

4,321

4,156

 

*Loans that companies with foreign capital are given by foreign partners

Source: Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey

 

FDI Inflow to Turkey by Sector

 

During the last five years, the intermediation and manufacturing sectors have attracted the highest amount of FDI.

 

USD million

Sectors

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015*

Agriculture

32

43

47

61

31

Agriculture, forestry and fishing

32

43

47

61

31

Industrial sectors

8,040

5,480

4,757

4,230

5,613

Mining and quarrying

146

188

717

365

202

Manufacturing

3,599

4,519

2,209

2,731

4,148

  • Manufacture of food products, beverages and tobacco

650

2,201

400

449

973

  • Manufacture of textiles and textile products

149

376

60

137

433

  • Manufacture of leather and leather products

0

0

0

1

2

  • Manufacture of wood and wood products

0

84

3

0

0

  • Manufacture of pulp, paper and paper products; publishing and printing

74

12

107

92

16

  • Manufacture of coke, refined petroleum products and nuclear fuel

1,255

355

236

101

1,809

  • Manufacture of chemicals, chemical products, basic pharmaceutical products and materials

348

579

272

491

341

  • Manufacture of rubber and plastic products

128

486

168

83

68

  • Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products

37

10

29

158

28

  • Manufacture of basic metals and fabricated metal products

293

101

100

115

139

  • Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c.

76

32

5

4

34

  • Manufacture of computers, electronic-electrical and optical equipment

464

143

607

918

142

  • Manufacture of transport equipment

93

121

97

78

138

  • Manufacturing n.e.c.

32

19

125

104

25

Electricity, gas, steam and air-conditioning supply

4,293

773

1,795

1,131

1,261

Water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation

2

0

36

3

2

Services

8,064

5,236

5,074

4,285

6,315

Construction

301

1,427

178

232

83

Wholesale and retail trade

707

221

377

1,136

589

Transportation and storage

221

130

364

594

1,524

Accommodation and food service activities

122

16

59

24

23

Information and communication services

36

133

110

214

150

Financial and insurance activities

5,883

2,084

3,415

1,470

3,588

  • Financial service activities (banks)

4,745

1,500

1,608

912

2,780

  • Insurance, reinsurance and pension funding (except compulsory social security)

882

348

1,538

199

198

  • Activities of holding companies

170

176

229

226

439

  • Other activities auxiliary to financial services

86

60

40

133

171

Real estate activities

300

173

128

227

169

Professional, scientific and technical activities

103

78

87

94

53

Administrative and support service activities

55

234

185

21

42

Public administration and defense, compulsory social security

0

0

0

0

0

Education

68

60

2

0

0

Human health and social work activities

232

546

106

202

59

Arts, entertainment and recreation

13

81

5

15

23

Other service activities

23

53

58

56

12

Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods-and-service-producing activities of households for own use

0

0

0

0

0

Activities of extra-territorial organizations and bodies

0

0

0

0

0

Total

16,136

10,759

9,878

8,576

11,959

 

(*) Provisional

Source: Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey

 

Geographic Breakdown of FDI Inflow to Turkey

The majority of FDI inflows to Turkey come from Europe, North America, and the Gulf countries.

 

USD million

 

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015*

Europe

12,587

7,925

6,412

6,316

7,878

Developed Europe

11,494

7,303

5,284

5,275

6,922

EFTA countries

323

592

234

318

197

Other European countries

770

30

894

723

759

Africa

0

0

221

42

0

North Africa

0

0

0

0

0

Other African countries

0

0

221

42

0

America

1,484

491

343

334

1,573

North America

1,422

471

342

334

1,568

Central America

57

16

1

0

0

South America

5

4

0

0

5

Asia

2,056

2,337

2,899

1,884

2,508

Near and Middle Eastern countries

1,559

1,593

2,286

1,336

1,316

Arabian Gulf countries

196

940

880

364

457

Other Near and Middle Eastern countries

1,359

653

1,406

954

851

Other Asian countries

497

744

613

548

1,192

Oceania and polar regions

9

6

3

0

0

Unclassified

0

0

0

0

0

Total

16,136

10,759

9,878

8,576

11,959

 

(*) Provisional

Source: Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey

 

Companies with International Capital

As of June 2016, around 50,000 companies with foreign capital operate in Turkey.

 

Number of Companies with International Capital

(Cumulative, in thousands)

 

 

Source: Ministry of Economy
*as of June 2016