​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Ranking of Economies by GDP at PPP*

The Turkish economy posted record growth and climbed from 18th place to 11th globally from 2003 to 2021.


Source: IMF WEO, October 2022

​​​​​*PPP: Purchasing Power Parity​

Average Annual GDP Growth (%, 2002-2022)​

​​Türkiye has outpaced its peer economies, and the growth momentum is set to continue in the coming years.​

​​Source: IMF WEO​

​Real GDP Growth (Index: 2002=100) 

Source: IMF WEO​

Gross Public Debt Stock as % of GDP 

Adhering to prudent fiscal discipline, Türkiye drastically diminished the public debt stock from above 70 percent in 2002 down to around 38 percent in 2021.​
Source: Eurostat, Ministry of Treasury and Finance, IMF WEO​​​​

Budget Balance as % of GDP

The positive effect of the fiscal discipline has been reflected as a noticeably diminished deficit in Türkiye’s budget balance during the past 20 ​​years.​

Source: Eurostat, Ministry of Treasury and Finance, IMF WEO​
​GDP at Current Prices (USD billion)

Over the past 20 ​years, Türkiye has put in a noteworthy performance by increasing the size of its overall economy from USD 236 billion in 2002 to USD 906 billion in 2022.​

Source: TurkStat​​​​​

Contribution to GDP Growth (%, 2002-2021)

Türkiye's economic growth over the past 20 years has been driven by a robust domestic market and an entrepreneurial private sector that combined have spurred investments and exports.

​​Source: TurkStat​​​​​

E​mployment Creation (2003-2021)​

Türkiye successfully generated approximately 28.8 million new jobs during the 2003-2021 period.​

Source: OECD​​​

Exports of Goods in Türkiye and the World

With an eye-catching 10.3 percent average annual growth in exports, Türkiye has outpaced the world performance and increased its export volume from USD 36 billion to USD 254 billion over the past 20 years. ​

Source: TurkStat, International Trade Centre (ITC)

Türkiye: 10.1% CAGR (2002-2021​); World: 6.7% CAGR (2002-2021)​

Türkiye's Share in Global Exports​ of Goods​

In line with its remarkable performance, Türkiye's share in global exports has increased from less than 0.6 percent in 2002 to around 1 percent in 2021.​​

​​​​Source: ITC

Türkiye's Exports by Destination

Türkiye has grown its overall export volume from USD 36 billion in 2002 to USD 254.2 billion in 2022 and has achieved significant export diversification both in terms of export destinations and products.​

​​​​Source: TurkStat​
Number of Export Products over USD 1 Billion

​​​​Source: TurkStat​​​​​​​​​