Home to the headwaters of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, Türkiye’s agricultural sector today is echoing the prosperity of ancient Mesopotamia. With its favorable geographical conditions, climate, large arable lands, and abundant water supplies, Türkiye is considered as one of the leading countries in the world in the field of agriculture and food.
Türkiye has a robust agriculture and food industry that employed almost 18 percent of the country’s working population and that accounted for 5.5 percent of the country’s GDP in 2021 with a financial contribution to the overall GDP of USD 45 billion.
The strengths of the industry include the size of the market in relation to the country’s young population, a dynamic private sector economy, substantial tourism income, and a favorable climate.
Türkiye is the world’s 10th largest agricultural producer and is the world leader in the production of apricots, cherries, figs, hazelnuts, and quinces. The country is also the number one global exporter of dried apricots, dried figs, quinces, raisins and flour (wheat). Türkiye boasted production of 24 million tons of milk, making it the leading milk and dairy producer in its region. In addition, Türkiye has an estimated total of 11,000 plant species, whereas the total number of species in Europe is 11,500.
This bountiful production allows Türkiye to maintain a significantly positive trade balance thanks to its position as one of the largest exporters of agricultural products in the Eastern Europe, Middle East, and North Africa (EMENA) region. Globally, Türkiye exported about 1,800 kinds of agricultural products to more than 190 countries in 2021, accounting for an export volume of USD 23 billion.
Türkiye has significant investment opportunities in agribusiness subsectors such as greenhouse production, animal and plant-based proteins, seeds, walnuts and almonds, pet food, infant food, and aquaculture, among others.
Türkiye is looking to position itself as the preferred regional headquarters and supply center of top global agricultural players, offering a set of incentives to potential agribusiness investors to encourage investments in the sector.