Turkey’s rank in Europe’s agricultural economy in 2019.
Turkey’s rank in the global agricultural economy in 2019.
Increase of Turkey’s agricultural product exports for the 2002-2020 period.
Average annual growth rate of the Turkish agriculture sector for the 2003-2020 period.
In the 2002-2018 period, Turkey’s livestock, animal, and aquaculture product exports grew by 7.3 times.
Home to the headwaters of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, Turkey's agricultural sector today is echoing the prosperity of ancient Mesopotamia. With its favorable geographical conditions and climate, large arable lands, and abundant water supplies, Turkey is considered to be one of the leading countries in the world in the field of agriculture and food.
Turkey has a robust agriculture and food industry that employed almost 18 percent of the country's working population and that accounted for 6.6 percent of the country's GDP in 2020. The sector's financial contribution to the overall GDP was USD 47.3 billion in 2020.
The strengths of the industry include the size of the market in relation to the country's young population, a dynamic private sector economy, substantial tourism income, and a favorable climate.
Turkey is the world's 10th largest agricultural producer and is the world leader in the production of figs, hazelnuts, quinces, and apricots. The country is also number one global exporter of quinces, raisins, and flour. Turkey boasted production of 22.9 million tons of milk in 2019, making it the leading milk and dairy producer in its region. In addition, Turkey has an estimated total of 11,000 plant species, whereas the total number of species in Europe is 11,500.
This bountiful production allows Turkey to maintain a significantly positive trade balance thanks to its position as one of the largest exporters of agricultural products in the Eastern Europe, Middle East, and North Africa (EMENA) region. Globally, Turkey exported about 1,800 kinds of agricultural products to more than 190 countries in 2020, accounting for an export volume of USD 18.8 billion.
Turkey has significant investment opportunities in agribusiness subsectors such as greenhouse production, animal and plant-based proteins, seeds, walnuts and almonds, pet food, infant food, and aquaculture, among others.
Turkey is looking to position itself as the preferred option for being the regional headquarters and supply center of top global players in the agricultural sector. Turkey offers a set of incentives for potential agribusiness investors to encourage investment in the sector.