<p>​USD 15.8 billion​​<br></p>

​USD 15.8 billion​​

Total defense expenditures of Türkiye ​in 2023.​

<p>USD 12.2 billion<br></p>

USD 12.2 billion

Total turnover of Türkiye's defense and aerospace industry in 2022.

<p>​USD 5.5 billion​​​<br></p>

​USD 5.5 billion​​​

Total export value of Turkish defense and aerospace industry in 2022.​

<p>USD 35.8 billion<br></p>

USD 35.8 billion

Total turnover of Türkiye’s civil aviation services in 2022.​



​​Number of aircrafts in Türkiye’s civil aviation fleet.
<p>214.2 million<br></p>

214.2 million

Number of airline passengers in Türkiye in 2023.​

Images for Hürkuş, Atak, AWACS, Other Defense Aircrafts​​​​​​​​

​The Turkish defense and aerospace industry has been undergoing a profound transformation over the past decades. Having achieved unparalleled success in the industry in recent years, today Türkiye has one of the fastest developing defense and aerospace industries in the world. The experience and emphasis on quality is evident among Turkish defense and aerospace companies as they undertake numerous endeavors, create products that are competitive worldwide, and assume important roles in international projects. With their qualified human resources and state-of-the-art technology infrastructure, Turkish companies bring global solutions to satisfy many countries' local requirements. These Turkish companies conduct activities in many critical areas of the defense and aerospace industry, from original design development to domestic production, from modernization to modification, and from R&D to international projects. 

During the establishment of the domestic defense industry infrastructure, the preference was to cooperate and co-produce with leading countries and associated companies. This enabled many defense projects like the MİLGEM battleship, the ALTAY Main Battle Tank, ATAK helicopters, and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) to be successfully developed by the national defense industry. Building upon this early experience, Türkiye ventured forth with further indigenous projects, including the ANKA UAV, the HÜRKUŞ ground attack aircraft, the GÖKTÜRK satellite, a light utility helicopter, as well as a jet fighter aircraft. In addition, some important sub-systems and technology development projects have been initiated to support such programs. Today, thanks in part to many of the indigenous projects it has developed, the Turkish defense industry is quite mature in terms of its capabilities, quality, and proficiency. The Turkish defense industry both meets the needs of the Turkish Armed Forces and is a known player in the fiercely competitive international defense market. In the coming years, the industry's share in domestic and overseas markets is set to increase as important national defense projects are completed. 

Türkiye is one of the largest defense spenders in the world. With defense spending exceeding USD 15.8 billion in 2023, Türkiye ranked 22nd among the world's largest defense budgets. In the past decade, the defense industry's turnover has nearly tripled, reaching USD 12.2 billion in 2022. In parallel with Turkish aerospace and defense industry’s growth in the past decade, export and international cooperation opportunities have increased for Turkish companies. The industry’s exports increased from USD 1.6 billion in 2013 to USD 5.5 billion in 2023. Thanks to its advanced and qualified production capacity, the sector received USD 8.8 billion in orders in 2022. In addition, whereas defense projects with a budget of around USD 5.5 billion were carried out in 2002, the project volume has reached USD 60 billion in year 2023, posting more than a tenfold increase.​

Over the years, as the fastest recovered country from the pandemic, Türkiye has also emerged as an ideal place for civil aviation business. The number of airline passengers increased from 34 million in 2004 to 214.​2 million in 2023, including 123 million international passengers. The size of the airline fleet increased from 162 to 599 between 2003 and 2021, reaching 668 in 2023. Meanwhile, the total number of civilian aircraft climbed from 626 to 1,690 between 2004 and 2022, while it rose to 1,856 as of 2023. During the same period, civil aviation revenue increased from USD 2.2 billion to around USD 35.8 billion as of 2022. Türkiye has positioned itself as a hub for civil aviation.  Istanbul airport, being the second most crowded in Europe in 2023, is the largest airport in the world with a capacity of 200 million passengers per year and flights to nearly 350 destinations.​